Issue 35, Final Fringe


The Saving Verge: Woolf, Cézanne, and Things

by Bruce Bromley 08.30.2010

And thus I always resolve now to gaze more closely, more observantly, to stand before inconspicuous things with more patience, with more prolonged attention, as if they were dramas or spectacles, and not pass them by as I had so often done before.… more »

Advertising as Imperial Agency in Jane Eyre

by Joanna Green 04.19.2010

In a decisive break from archetypal Bronte scholarship, feminist theorist and literary critic Sharon Marcus analyzed how Jane’s identity becomes framed in terms of “abstractions” (i.e. printed texts, ads, portraits, shortened names, etc.), using Marxist criticism to explicate the process of Jane alienating herself through such abstractions, particularly advertising, in order to gain agency within a patriarchal and imperial Victorian market. more »

Education as Alienation

by Reshma Melwani 09.08.2009

African authors have re-written history through their narratives, allowing all who read their books to understand that the colonizers did not stop at inhabiting the land of the Africans, but they attempted and often times succeeded at inhabiting their minds. Through the process of colonial education, many Africans fell prey to the European education system, which often did more harm than good. By looking closer at particular literary and theory texts such as, Ngũgĩ wa Thiong’o’s... more »

The “Highly Important Matter of Clothes”: Apparel and Identity in Nella Larsen’s Quicksand

by Kaley Joyes 07.19.2009

This essay examines the ways in which Larsen uses fashionable apparel to map connections between racial identity and aesthetic style. more »

Revaluing Nature Writing: Toward Love and Flower Power

by Molly Gaudry 03.01.2009

What do Super Bowl Sunday, Ford Motor Company, and Kermit the Frog have in common? Environmentalism. It’s true! more »

The World Comes Together: Dual Identity in the Poetry of Sam Hamod

by Anna L. Cates 12.01.2008

Sam Hamod is among the few contemporary poets of Arab American descent. more »

East-West Encounter in Orhan Pamuk’s The White Castle

by Dr. N.S.R. Ayengar 06.01.2008

Orhan Pamuk’s novel The White Castle has provoked mixed responses ranging from extreme revulsion to excessive adulation. more »

Outsiders Within: Resolving Working-Class Experience within the Privileged Classroom

by Jaffney Roode 12.08.2007

The English classroom is a space where students from across the social spectrum are socialized and cultivated to become practitioners of Standard Written English (SWE), but how can the language of the working class be reconciled with the language of the classroom? more »

Ou-Li-What? What American Writers Might Learn from the French

by Heather MacNeill 10.01.2007

t seems that the publishing industry is suffering from a bad case of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder—they just can’t help but repeatedly churn out variations on the same old derivative, tired themes. If this is the case—if this is what the masses are consuming—what hope is there for experimental literature’s survival? more »

Howl's Muzzle

by Rich Murphy 04.13.2007

It has been fifty years since Allen Ginsberg published his poem “Howl.” Though the poem has been discounted by many critics, it remains famous for launching Ginsberg’s career and as an emblem of rebellion for those who are able to reminisce and for young poets. What made “Howl” a sensation among the younger literary crowd of the 1950s and 60s was similar to what made Elvis’ music iconic: the expression of sexual freedom. Both poetry and music débuts happened in 1956, two years... more »

The Harlot's Curse: Feminism and Prostitution

by Kate Morris 02.08.2007

“But it’s different when it comes to sex” I ask you “Well, why is it different?” You believe only in “Let’s find a way for prostitutes to escape.”…What is so terrible about fucking for a living?…Who am I, and who am I to you?…Who am I to you if I enjoy my job? Are we without dignity? Have we got a problem? Are we sick? more »

The Manipulation of Affect to Supply Political Meaning: The Social Message Behind Robert Coover’s 'The Public Burning'

by Heather MacNeill 12.08.2006

The tone invoked here rings true with the character of Nixon, constantly unsure of himself, relying on others to give him direction and confirmation. The selection in and of itself does not give too much of an overwhelming feeling of insecurity, but Coover sticks to this tone, and after pages and pages of the constant questioning and deferring to others, it is inevitable that we grow tired and bored with the victim attitude. more »

Handless Maidens: Grimm Tales in Contemporary Cinema

by Margot Miller 11.01.2006

Many stories now considered children’s fare were originally transmitted as code around a campfire, and later in parlor and salon, to convey “truths” that acculturate and perpetuate patriarchal society. more »

Balkan Beauty, Balkan Blood: Lessons from Albania

by Heather MacNeill 05.04.2006

Because of the oppressive constraints Albanians have had to survive in, most of the literature created in the country proper has taken on the form of poetry—the predominant prose coming from Ismail Kadare, self-exiled in France. But that is beginning to change. Dr. Elsie (one of the few Albanian-literature translators in the world) and Northwestern University Press are about to release the first collection of modern Albanian short stories translated into English, entitled Balkan Beauty,... more »

Laughing the Way to Social Change: Welty’s Curtain of Green and McPherson’s Elbow Room

by Lizzie Stark 03.03.2006

Separated by race, gender, and some thirty five years, Eudora Welty (b. 1909) and James Alan McPherson (b. 1943) both write within the tradition of American protest fiction, employing comedic techniques to rip the veil of ignorance from their readers’ eyes. more »

The N-Word

by Nancy Bauer 02.07.2006

That you and I even understood the phrase “nappy-headed ho”—that such a phrase instantly conjures up a certain picture for us – is a sign of how deep the problem runs. more »